< All Topics

Considerations for Expanding Research and Clinical Care for the Neurodivergent Gender Diverse Population

Cureus 15(12): e51060. DOI 10.7759/cureus.51060

Considerations for Expanding Research and Clinical Care for the Neurodivergent Gender Diverse Population

AUTHOR(S)

Kashia A. Rosenau 1, Erin Baroni 1, Elliot G. Keenan 2, Maria L. Massolo 3
1 Internal Medicine/Pediatrics, University of California Los Angeles David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, USA
2 Education, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, USA
3 Anthropology, Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, USA

ABSTRACT

Little is currently known about the relationship between gender diversity and neurodiversity, although a growing body of researchers and clinicians are searching for more information to better serve this population. Gender-diverse individuals are three to six times more likely than cisgender individuals to identify as autistic or to report possible undiagnosed autism or autistic traits. Many gender-diverse individuals experience a shortage of gender-affirming medical care and are disproportionately impacted by barriers to mental health services. Similarly, autistic individuals report that the most common barrier to care is a lack of knowledgeable providers and/or resistance from providers to tailor care toward their specific needs. Two key areas in need of further research are 1) clinical approaches to gender-affirming medical and mental health care for neurodivergent patients and 2) the prevention and treatment of suicidality in gender diverse neurodivergent individuals. Increasing collaborations amongst gender-diverse neurodivergent individuals, researchers, and clinicians are needed in order to further research and clinical practice to most directly and effectively improve physical and mental health care for the gender-diverse neurodivergent patient population.

VIEW/DOWNLOAD THIS RESOURCE